Where Does International Law Stand On Return Of Artifacts? | Coffee Table

Where Does International Law Stand On Return Of Artifacts? | Coffee Table



what what are the sort of where does international law stand on the return of artifacts well that fundamentally dates back to the 1970s UNESCO convention okay on the Prevention and the prohibition of you know the Export Import and the transfer of cultural properties as the name it but there are two important very important catches in that number one UNESCO calling for a convention these are one of many conventions that we had in the past but the true test of a convention is whether or not it applies or turns into having legal force behind it which we haven't seen for the past four and a half decades there two things within that convention number one that the the first article article one defines cultural properties as those that are desired by a state because of archaeological scientific or research purposes so if you are able to build a case based on having stolen artifacts being returned to you we have various examples all across the world Iran Iraq Afghanistan Yemen and all that you would basically have to first establish how it would enrich your current pursuits for research unless you build that case just kind of identifying yourself with the civilization would not be enough under the current standing of law which is weirdly reductive because you can't research something some things just you if they came if the point of origin was country a and if country a wants it back then surely that should be enough the civilization footprint there's a catch over the civilization footprint for that what kind of precede the nation-state notion okay which is why they kind of believe in the universality of civilization but the onus and falls on you the second thing which I think is very pertinent is article 11 kind of says that there is an occupying power power in your country then any soft would be regarded as illegal and that the the main evidence as to why there hasn't followed well is because late in December 2018 West Bank which has been occupied by Israel was able to take out artifacts that were absolutely sacred to that part of the world from Palestine and were publicly displayed in the Jerusalem museum without having any sanctions behind it and then of course we have certain no power says the United States and Israel they kind of let go of UNESCO kind of you know distance themselves from it u.s. formally let go of it as well because they are like power so this politics and economics all those if you have something that contributes to that which is why international law frankly hasn't been so effective

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