Scratch #1 | The basics

Scratch #1 | The basics


Hello everyone today we will talk about Scratch. So what is scratch? It’s like a gateway to programming languages for beginners. I’ll give a link of the official website, my profile and the download for scratch 3.0 which we’ll be using throughout the series. Otherwise, you can also use the online editor that can be accessed by clicking this create button on this panel. So without further ado, let’s get to the editor. Ok, so these are the basics of scratch. In the middle, you can see the editor where you place your blocks. On the left there is a panel from where you can choose your blocks from. For example, I can drag a block from here, to here. You can use the blocks by clicking them. So if I click “move 10 steps” it will move ten pixels to the right. You can access the sprites here. There can be as many sprites as you want as long as your PC can handle it. For now, I’m just going to use this one sprite. You can change its attributes here. For example, I can set it’s name to Scratch Cat. You can change its X and Y. You can also change its size and direction. You can choose to hide it or show it. Changing the direction looks like this. You can see that 90 degrees means right. 0 means up. Negative 90 means left. 180 means down. You can choose to edit the code, the costume or the sound. This channel will mostly consist of changing the codes. You can see that there is a backdrop. Backdrop is similar to sprites but it’s a bit different. There are no motion blocks and it also does not have a few other blocks. Backdrop is similar to the sprites except it’s in the furthest layer. Which I’ll talk about later. You can click this button To adjust the view of the screen. I like to keep mine big. This is the full screen. After you’re done with your project you can save it to your computer. Or if you’re on the online editor. there’s a button for sharing it. Another cool thing you can do is turn on turbo mode. For which, you have to press shift and then left click the green flag. It has many uses which I’ll show later. You can always add sprites by clicking this button. You can choose one of these which are made by the Scratch Team (ST) themselves. I am going to choose an apple. I can maybe choose a random sprite. This time, I got a block-u. Which is basically the letter “u.” I can paint my own using the costume simulator. Or I can upload from the computer. Same thing with the backdrop. You can access some of its official tutorials by clicking this button. The screen is 480 pixels wide and 360 pixels tall. With 180 at the top -180 as the bottom in the y-axis. 240 as the right and -240 as the left in the x-axis. You can see that. You can also drag your sprites using your mouse in the editor. However, you can’t do that if you’re not in the editor. So for example, I can’t drag this. But I can still drag it in the editor. That’s about it for today. I know this video looks very rushed and it is a little bit, sorry about that. But I wanted to start the series. So I suggest you try out some of these tutorials if you’re very new to scratch. Otherwise you can wait for the next uploads. I’m going to try to upload at least once a week. I know I don’t have high standards but bye.

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