Perspective Drawing in Photoshop! Grids and Tips

Perspective Drawing in Photoshop! Grids and Tips


perspective grids are an invaluable
component of drawing backgrounds for animation and even animation itself is
heavily reliant on having proper perspective yet the entire subject still
remains a mystery to even our most studied viewer guys how to get those
perspective grid on Photoshop mm-hmm great question love that but you see
perspective is a vast subject that couldn’t possibly be covered in one
video on YouTube just kidding it’s gonna take five
seconds this is not a part one but guys the grid is not very useful if you have no idea how to compose a shot place a horizon line design a composition proper
set dressing proper lighting all that without mysteric perspective so let’s do
an episode about the perspective grid and all the other things if you’re new to BAM it goes like this
you guys submit art and we’s guys redraw that art like it was a real
animated show linear perspective is based on horizon lines and vanishing points once you place a horizon line and one or more vanishing points you’re
ready to draw in perspective lots of animated shows that you see on
TV use perspective because it adds a sense of realism by grounding it in a
believable 3d space the perspective we use in drawing is called linear perspective and it’s a system developed by artists during the Renaissance era in
1413 filippo brunelleschi figured out geometrical perspective by painting the
outlines of a building in a mirror and by doing so he discovered something the
parallel lines of buildings if extended would converge to a single point on the
horizon line known as the vanishing point before this discovery vanishing
points were not fully understood artists would attempt to depict 3d surfaces but
had no clear concept of how receding lines should converge now this all
sounds really academic but the truth is basic perspective is actually really
easy once you understand the tools and how to use them effectively click the
shape tool and change it to the polygon tool then edit the properties of the
polygon tool make it a shape with no fill and a one-point stroke then make it
a start with 100 points and indent those points by 99% click the horizon line and
drag the shape you’ll get the star shape thing with a hundred lines that all
converge to a single point this is a one-point perspective grid one-point
perspective is useful for rendering objects that face the viewer it’s
perfect for drawing a simple city street or a simple room in one point
perspective a rectangular surface that’s facing you will be made of horizontal
and vertical lines you can hold shift to draw these but the edges that recede
need to follow the grid knowing this we can fix this cha-cha painting if I
overlay the grid we can see how the perspective of this room could have been
improved oh you think you can improve art history
well Johto maybe yeah he’s early Renaissance dude yeah one point is
simple but there’s a lot to understand about using it effectively
James emailed us his background Bhandari drama aired at gmail.com and it
is a pretty decent execution of one point perspective however the
composition is quite boring and that’s because the horizon line is placed too
high this is a problem I see with most beginner artists this creates kind of a
security camera angle and we see too much of the boring ground he really
disconnects us from the space let’s move this horizon light down which
will allow us to drastically change the composition of this piece now we can add
more background elements like these buildings and make the overall shapes
really dynamic to look at part of perspective as well is understanding
lighting so after my drawing is done I’ll paint some value underneath the
line art if we imagine our light sources coming from here we can paint in a quick
layer of shadows to help make this drawing a read much better I’ll brighten
up the back buildings as well to imply a bit of atmospheric perspective typically
as objects get further away from you they become affected by the atmosphere
and they’ll lose contrast and blend in with the sky here’s a band tip for you
guys humans walk with their arms and legs
offset so make sure the legs are swinging opposite direction of the arms
not vice-versa in two-point perspective if an object is not directly facing you
but still has vertical lines the two services will converge to two points on
the horizon so how do we do this with our grid let’s grab the center of our
star shape with the white arrow tool the white arrow tool grabs individual anchor
points while the black one grabs the entire path take the white arrow tool
and click in between the perspective lines and then drag a selection around
the vanishing point notice the anchor points are now selected then click and
drag to move the vanishing point off to the side somewhere if you want to stay
on the horizon line hold shift before you drag go ahead and make a duplicate
of this grid and drag the other point way to the left now we have a two-point
perspective grid going the key to to point is again understanding where to
place the vanishing points putting them very close together will create a wide
angle lens effect which heavily distorts your drawing and putting them far apart
will create an isometric effect both of these are correct but you need to choose
the right position for your scene Photoshop allows us to place our
vanishing points wherever you want even very far off the campus which is
something that’s like much more annoying to do in real life hey here’s another
drawing by James BAM that redrawn my art a Gmail calm very cool but the horizon
is too high again and the vanishing points are not well defined
yeah let’s fix this by lowering the horizon line a bit and drawing more
background details to help establish the scene
let’s had some said dressing like weeds cans and newspapers like real stuff that
would be around a dumpster details like these will really help tell the story
let’s push the line of action more in this character and make the silhouettes
more clear here’s the submission by Zack this one is great but it’s in dire need
of said dressing there’s almost no details to tell us about the space
typically restaurants are loaded with all kinds of junk that really make the
space feel lived in to make the character feel more impressive to these
viewers let’s place them up high now this perspective might look confusing
but it’s actually a variation on the two-point instead of placing our second
point off to the right let’s place it somewhere up here to emphasize they were
looking up at these shapes in our scene and then we can tilt the camera as well
by making a grid of parallel lines and then rotating them slightly
that’s called a Dutch angle take time to set dress your scenes properly objects
can be placed in a scene to create interesting compositions just arranging
objects evenly spaced like this is not very appealing
unless you’re drawing an Apple store this layout is boring instead group the
objects together to create miniature compositions that are visually more
interesting I’m gonna increase the size of these characters and make them
foreground elements this will help frame our hero making the composition more
dynamic Vinnie’s drawing is great because the angle is very intentional
we’re a tall person looking down on this rabbit so a high horizon line is perfect
I’ll use a three-point grid for this one one for each surface direction a 3-point
grid will yield the most dynamic drawings and we can use that grid to
match our character that way they will match the background so sorry guys even
if you are a character designer there are gonna be times when we have to draw
in perspective not all perspective is linear sometimes
an animation we may want to warped grid to mimic a fisheye lens this will allow
us to cram in more background information in Photoshop there are ways
to tackle vanishing points like these the simplest type of lens distortion is
called a banana pan and it’s an approximation of a panoramic photo for
something like this you can stitch together two more vanishing points by
simply rasterizing and distorting your grid a more advanced version of this
would be called spherical perspective this is where all of the vanishing
points are made of spheres or parabolas let’s take a look at this piece by
Brandon now this is one of the best examples of perspective that has been
submitted on the show great job BAM done we’ve done our digibook album but I
would like to take this even further notice the rows in the buildings are
starting to curve back inwards towards the vanishing points the artist is
implying some warping but I think we can enhance this let’s add a spherical grid
use the ellipse tool and make a single ellipse then duplicate it then change
the width slightly and repeat and repeat and repeat and repeat this is how I
accrued the grid for our gas station background however in this drawing I’ll
duplicate this grid and rotate it 90 degrees so there are four vanishing
points and then of course one point going down I’m going to vary these types
of buildings and their heights this will be more interesting than a bunch of
buildings that are all the same real cities have variation notice the
distortion happening is stronger near the edges if I wanted to I could keep
extending this background further until we reveal the horizon line then we can
make it drawing like this you need to also add realistic infrastructure like
water towers and air conditioners these details help make the scene feel more
believable so take the time to draw them I had some quick lighting in the scene
to show the light is hitting the top of these buildings and some gradients to
emphasize the depth of this road in 3d art this effect is referred to as
ambient occlusion this is when the light can’t penetrate the deep cracks of a
surface you
so now that you’ve got this arsenal of grids up your sleeve how do you use them
effectively the best way to utilize grids is to apply them midway through
your sketching process first roughly draw what you want in the scene
establish the composition and where you want the horizon line just by eyeballing
it to find the large shapes in your composition and whatever small details
that you think are important then decide which type of grid to use and then match
that grid to your sketch then fix your drawing with proper perspective while
maintaining the composition that you originally wanted obviously you could
start out by just drawing with the grid but that’s kind of distracting and will
most likely yield to some fairly stiff results because the grid is like kind of
distracting but that’s just like my opinion man you can use Photoshop cheats
to help you draw certain shapes for instance ellipses can be placed on the
grid and then warped into place using the free transform tool using a
combination of control shift and alt you can transform the points to align things
to the grid you can also draw flat surfaces and then skewed them into
perspective which is very useful for like windows and arches you can easily
draw a staircase by figuring out the end points then drawing flat steps and
skewing them into place then just duplicate these parts move them over and
scale them you can scale objects in perspective by moving the rotation point
to the vanishing point hold alt and shift and then transform this is very
helpful if you need to move things further away from you or scale them in
perspective to make simple lighting identify a light source and use the
polygon lasso tool to block out the surfaces which will be in shadow then
add cast shadows by identifying the shape casting the shadow and how that
would interact with the topology of the object being affected by the shadow you
can add simple gradients by selecting an area with the polygon lasso and then
painting with a large brush with very soft edges as objects go away from you
shift their shading to make them have less contrast less details and blend in
with the background more doing that will establish atmospheric perspective so by combining composition perspective
set dressing lighting and atmospheric perspective you will be able to achieve
convincing drawings for your animation or illustration hey you me are you tired of wasting
thousands of dollars in art school well now you don’t have to introducing the
band animation YouTube channel you can gain a knowledge of skills from
professional designers working in the animation industry for free all you have
to do is subscribe just get a Wacom tablet a copy of Photoshop and you were
ready to learn so what if I want max and bridge to redraw my artwork just send it
to BAM don’t read Romero to gmail.com and they’ll make an episode all about
you dear brennan max attaches my drawing at my OC Val cameras she’s 16 old goth
wizard of Hogwarts study the art of demon transformation she’s the smartest
person in her class and sexiest with no weaknesses is it that she’s a half-demon
and has two different codes eyes and seven very important tattoos and
bracelets and even though she’s not a demon she’s also asexual and a POC and
an amputee please animate her in your next video great when’s the next episode
whoa kind of like tayo with my class right
now I’m almost I’m teaching a class as well and I’m working that’s a lot about
you’re working – yeah I mean not next week No nah that’s true not after that
either not so I guess maybe in between episodes
you should just practice drawing happy Anniversary Brent oh hey dude
we’ve been doing Bamm for one year yeah and you guys have left a lot of positive
comments and we’ve learned from listening to you as to what you wanted
to get from these videos it’s really important to us to keep education free
you guys can all do this we really liked making videos for you and thanks for
watching and being supportive yeah thank you mmm
you

100 thoughts on “Perspective Drawing in Photoshop! Grids and Tips”

  1. Not really a art question but were these perspectives past 1 point, something people made up or based on how we see with our eyes?

  2. is it cheating to use a 3D modeling software like blender for perspective, even if i'm only blocking out the perspective and objects?

  3. 12:47 "You guys can all do this" Man, I literally started crying when he said this. I'm 36 and thinking about using new programs like this with no experience except old-school art knowledge. I feel like an old dog with no tricks!

  4. Хоть и не знаю английский, мне это видио помогло больше чем местные туториалы.
    Благодарю за столь информативное видео! 👍

  5. For the 3 point grid, can you elaborate a bit more on that? Because it kind of looks to me like 2 of the 3 vanishing points are just parallel lines like the Dutch Angle? (And if that's what they are, do you have a way to make them quickly?)

  6. Holy grid! This is enlightenment. I like the part when u said, start with rough sketch n draw the grid lines, then adjust the drawing. Coz I have been drawing the grid lines first n my head was hurting.

  7. Thank you guys so much. I’ve always had trouble with perspective and making good backgrounds. You’ve make everything very understandable and the video is a million dollar find. Thank you both again

  8. I did the polygon for the grid exactly the same but when i place it photoshop lags in an awful way and I can't do anything, someone knows why? I'd appreciate it

  9. Whoa! All I wanted was gridlines on Photoshop… and I walked away with way more ideas for creating. Thanks dudes! Subbed!

  10. Ive never been so shook in my entire life. Literally dumbfounded, literally speechless. Like…not even with beyonce.

  11. U guys are fucking good n funny….. just a suggestion from a boy who loves samurai, try drawing a samurai stand off with swords n shit

  12. Wow, this is great! I can't believe I got anything done half-way decent without these BaM guys! And I graduated from a really good art school, Tyler School of Art… but a long long time ago.

  13. I wanna like this video, but there is just to much extra info not related to perspective, e.g the photoshop, lighting, & detail tips…😓
    My brain warped trying to keep up…

  14. Thank you for not only showing us the proper perspective, but also giving us tips on how certain compositions can be more appealing. A lot of people get really technical when it comes to background tutorials. I found a lot of my works to be really stiff, but your advice on sketching it out first, then applying perspective lines was so helpful. THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU!!!!

  15. This video is awesome, great comparisons! the table one was fun.

    I tried to explain some of these perspective stuff for some of my students… it's so hard to make them get the point.

  16. "are you sick on spending thousands on art school???"
    Me in art gimnasium where you go for free bc Europe is great: ….*no*

  17. OH MY GOD that stairway cheat was amazing. I've been using every other cheat apart from this one fore years, and i was constructing stairs by hand for some reason. Thank you guys!!!

  18. My art history teacher pronounced it BrunelESHY — drove me nuts. Thanks for getting it right and thanks for the insider tips.

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