Dinosaur Discovery & Updates on Cloud Rats | Natural News from The Field Museum | Ep. 1

Dinosaur Discovery & Updates on Cloud Rats | Natural News from The Field Museum | Ep. 1


Hey, and welcome to Natural News! A new news story where we talk about natural history news. We have three topics that we’re going to cover today. One, a discovered dinosaur, Two, the results of a fifteen year study of the mammals of Luzon Island in the Philippines, And we finally have an exact number for all known tree species in the Amazon! Holy cow. Let’s get to it! [Cheerful Theme Music] Dinosaur discovery! We all know fashion trends change throughout the ages and for the Cretaceous Period, 65 million years ago, tiny arms were all the rage! A newly discovered dinosaur unearthed by Field Museum paleontologists and their collaborators has short two fingered claws like the Tyrannosaurus Rex. Although the two aren’t related and are on opposite sides of the theropod family tree. The new species, Gualicho shinyae, is a modestly sized Allosaurid and estimated to weigh a mere dainty ton. And considering Allosaurids aren’t closely related to Tyrannosaurs, the discovery suggests that tiny arms evolved more than once in dinosaurs. Seriously! Even though this thing was the size of a polar bear, it had the arms of a child! How is that even feasible? [Typing, Frustrated Grumbling] [Phone Rings] Hello, I…? …Tech support? And this new fossil species was discovered by and named for our chief fossil preparator, Akiko Shinya. The first name, “Gualicho,” comes from a spirit revered by Patagonia’s Tehuelche people. Cursed with bad luck, the expedition team had joked that they were plagued by the spirit. Like when they rolled one of their trucks. Thankfully, everyone was ok and on the last day while they were hoping that they’d finally find something good, Akiko turned around and was like, Bam! Brand new species of carnivorous dinosaur! It’s like the proverbial mic drop of a paleontologist. Akiko out. Let’s talk about trees! In 2013, Field Museum scientist Nigel Pitman and his coauthors published a paper in the journal “Science” where they estimated the number of individual trees that grow in the Amazon River basin. Their estimate was about 16,000 species with 390 billion individual trees. That’s about as many stars as there are in the Milky Way galaxy a number too immense for me to ever comprehend And it turns out that number isn’t terribly helpful, even to scientists who care a whole lot about the number of trees in the Amazon. So in a recent report, they looked at digital records and photographs of specimens from museum collections all over the world dating back to as far as 1707 over 300 years worth of material. They found that there are 11,676 species of trees in the Amazon River basin. And this number supports their work in 2013, leaving about 4,000 species of the rarest trees yet to be discovered and described. So the next time you think we’ve got every inch of this planet mapped out, think again! There are 4,000 species that could have your actual name on them. Latinized! And according to the proper binomial nomenclature system. Nigel and his team estimate that it’ll take another 300 years to find all of them. So what are you waiting for? And, speaking of botany! Let’s go to a quick storytime. [Solemn Brassy Music] Let me tell you a quick story about Dr. Margery C. Carlson, who was a pioneering botanist and former research associate for the Field. She graduated with a Ph.D. in 1925 and became one of the first female faculty members to teach at Northwestern University. Her research focus was on rare plants of Central America and she made frequent collecting trips, sometimes for six months at a time, driving 10,000 miles or more. Even at sixty years old. And there to accompany Margery on these trips was her life partner, Kate Staley, who many news reports at the time were reluctant to address as such. During these lengthy expeditions, the two of them lived in a yellow truck they named “El Caracol,” which in Spanish means “the snail.” Because they’re both truckin’ along with their houses on their backs. These trips were not without the occasional incident. On one adventure to Mexico, Margery and Kate were eating lunch when they suddenly found themselves face to face with two men brandishing machetes and demanding money. Margery responded, “Don’t you realize you could have scared us to death?” “And then you would’ve never gone into heaven.” And then she invited them to share their lunch. Which they did. Margery died in 1985 at the age of 92, leaving behind a botanical legacy, 4,000 plant specimens to the Field, and fifteen new species. And that, friends, is an unsung hero of science. [TV clicks on, static] Hey, friends. Tired of the same old fitness routine? Well, do we have the solution for you! The Prehistoric Workout! For the low, low price of your dignity, you can have this film reel set delivered right to your home. We- We’ll emulate the locomotions of our Permian synapsid ancestors And show you how to subdue prey animals with two digits and tiny arms, like the fiercest Ah-Allosaurids. Watch Emily embarrass herself thoroughly in this 500 part series which details the movement of all life on Earth dating back to 2,500 million years of scootin’ cytobacteria. Call now! And for our final segment, we have so many mammals up in heeeere And by here, I mean Luzon Island in the Philippines. Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines, slightly larger than the state of Indiana, and home to some 50 million people. Recently, a fifteen year study examining the number of mammal species there has concluded, and shows that out of the 56 non-flying mammal species known to live on Luzon, 52 of those live nowhere else in the world. Twenty eight of those new mammals were discovered during the course of the project. All since the year 2000. Move over, Madagascar! Luzon is now home to more unique mammal species than any other place on the planet! So Field Museum curator, Larry Heaney, was a lead on the project and offered us some insight as to how a relatively small area can reach such high levels of diversity. Being an island, Luzon may have experienced a sped up version of evolution. When animals are closed off from the rest of the world, and there are no predators or competitors, they branch out and adapt fairly quickly becoming distinct species. Add into that the geography of Luzon, an island with mountains, and you get unique island-like isolated ecosystems on each of those mountain peaks. Among the twenty eight new species are four species of tiny tree mice, with whiskers so long they reach nearly to their ankles And five species of shrew-like mice that feed primarily on earthworms. And adorable cloud rats! So now that they’ve got a solid idea of what’s found on Luzon, serious conservation efforts can kick into gear to address things like deforestation and overhunting, which threaten this remarkable diversity. You know, I was thinking what they really need is a Pixar or DreamWorks movie about the adorable cloud rat who gets separated from its parents and then goes on a journey enlisting a helpful cohort representative of all 52 new species. And they work together to finally reunite the family, and in the process, take down the giant timber concession. And also, the soundtrack is by Elton John and Lin Manuel Miranda. I’ve made some preliminary sketches, just for inspiration. I- I look forward to being listed in the credits in that blockbuster hit. I named her Patricia! Hey! Thanks for watching the first episode of the Natural News. If you like this kind of content, make sure you subscribe so you can get a reminder every time we post a new video. And, if you’re interested in these topics, check out the links in the doobly-doo. We’ll include links to other research topics, stories, and news outlets that have covered some of the things that we talk about in this episode. Thanks. [inaudible: “It still has brains on it”]

100 thoughts on “Dinosaur Discovery & Updates on Cloud Rats | Natural News from The Field Museum | Ep. 1”

  1. Love the concept! I teach high school biology and can use the quick current events. Some of the format reminds me of Crash Course ("Biolography") and Bill Ney The Science Guy (the wacky commercial). However, at the high school level, we could do without the later.

  2. When you announced you were doing this show in addition to the original style I was worried. That worry was completely unfounded. It's not quite as in depth, but it's the same well-researched, funny, and interesting Science I've come to love from this channel. Best of luck with it and I look forward to seeing it evolve!

  3. Emily is the coolest person on earth. I'm so thankful that she hosts these videos because I've had someone like myself that I can watch do amazing stuff with science! : )

  4. Emily, over the past years you have remained just as charming, but I have to say, the content of this episode was among the best, and freaking hilarious too! Loving the exponential growth!

  5. 300 years? So with the amount of tropical deforestation in the area at the moment, chances are big that very few of the 4000 species will ever be discovered.

  6. I am soooo happy you guys are liking the new format! We filmed two more yesterday and it was awesome. Really excited to share them soon!

  7. Ugh. I lost my dignity years ago, but I have a bit of pride left (more than I really need, to be honest).
    Can we, perhaps, make an arrangement?

  8. thx for this awesomely ha bisky vid i am glad its under 10 mins to help you out i still wouldnt speed through this vid though i did speed through two vlogs when i swore i wouldnt do that with vlogs but i am so far behind in youtubeland and i hate it

    i love dinos though and this is so interesting and i love these so much

  9. Don't care for the fake commercial but the rest of the show is awesome, including your wardrobe choice for this first episode. Well done I'm so excited!

  10. I love how you keep evolving and changing what you're doing! I found your channel 3 episodes before your first visit to the Field and have been completely addicted through the whole adventure. Your description of the plot of your awesome new musical makes me think of the plot of every Gene Stratton Porter novel. Are there any Limberlost goodies in the field collection? Maybe an episode on it? In musical form of course.

  11. MY GOD one of the writers of the journal about biodiversity in the Philippines (Danny S. Balete) was a speaker in our science forum today and IT WAS COOL. LOL I FELT LIKE I MET A CELEBRITY

  12. Emily is such a good host. How could you not watch such a compact, interesting show with such a truly excited and excitingly behaving host? 🙂

  13. I have a feeling this is going to be my new favorite series on YouTube. Love the format, the graphics and the content.

  14. I am hoping to take a trip to the Field Museum in early October. It would be great to see on of my favorite YouTube personalities there!

  15. Fortunately — apparently — I've never heard of this other "Natural News" and love the title for your show! Keep up the amazing work and rehabilitate the phrase for science!

  16. I love the new format! It is done with so much love and enthusiasm and makes me appreciate the hard work of all those awesome scientists even more!
    I wish there was a show similar to this focusing on pharmacy/pharmacology/pharmacological botany.

  17. I know that commenting on your looks rather than on the amazing content you provide annoys the heck out of you, but girl, you aint' making it easy! you look splendid!

    Also, I do love this new thing. (the sets are always a delight, is it the same people designing them throughout all hank green related channels?)

    wait, I just read the credits. you designed it! How awesome can you be!?

  18. This is so amazing! I loved the Brain Scoop before, but this just adds a whole level of awesome. Keep up the awesome work!!!!

  19. I'd just like to point out that the "gulantang" in Musseromys gulantang means "startled" in Filipino (Tagalog). 😀

  20. Ive spend the last few days going through all of the brain scoops content again and I just wanna tell the whole brain scoop team that youre all amazing and I enjoy this show so much and it makes being bed bound and ill a lot better of an experience haha. No really though, Keep up the great work!

  21. Brain Scoopers, excellent launch of your new series! Emily, you got massive science-presenting chops. We are lucky to have you. Thanks!

  22. My son is absolutely enamored by your channel, you rank just under Bill Nye (who we are going to see speak this month).

    Do you ever do meet and greets, tours or talks at the museum?

  23. Hi Emily! Thank you so much for this episode <3 Always love your channel and love love love Field for funding this 😀 PS. I'm from the Philippines (living in Manila, capital, in Luzon) and I can say there's very few conservation efforts here 🙁 Sadly, few people care enough about these things 🙁 But thank you for highlighting our biodiversity and helping spread the word 🙂 Waiting for more vids <3 Goodluck! 😀

  24. My four year old daughter and I really like these episodes! She says "please get some more new ones for us to watch!" Thanks.

  25. This is great, I especially liked the silliness with the stubby arm stuff, I needed a laugh today and this was great

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