Art History – Claude Monet

Art History – Claude Monet


Oscar Claude Monet was born November 14
1840 in Paris France he was the second son of Claude Adolf Monet and Louise
Justine Aubrée Monet from a young age Monet wanted to become a painter even
though his father wanted him to continue the family shipping -chandelling and grocery
business. His mother however was a singer and supported Monet’s desire to become
an artist the first artworks that Monet started to
sell were his charcoal caricatures while he was attending Le Havre Secondary
School of the Arts it was the artist Eugène Boudin who
eventually became Monet’s mentor and taught him to use oil paints. Monet is
most famous for being known as the father of Impressionism which will take
us to his first major work in the Musée Marmottan Monet in Paris. Impression
sunrise, impression Soleil Levante. This painting depicts the port of Le Havre
considered Monet’s hometown as they moved there when he was young it was
first shown at what would be known as the exhibition of the Impressionists in
April 1874 in Paris an interesting fact about this painting is that it was
stolen in 1985 from the Musée Marmottan Monet by Phillipe Jamin and Youssef
Khimoun. It was recovered and returned to the museum in 1990 and put back on
display in 1991 the rest of Monet’s paintings are not famous in themselves
but the series that they are a part of our famous as a whole one of the
paintings in the first series we will look at takes us to the city of Chicago
Illinois wheat stacks end-of-summer. this is just
one of the 25 paintings in this series found in the Art Institute of Chicago
each of the paintings in this series show almost the same subject of a field
in Giverny but in different light and atmosphere at different times of day
across different seasons and in different types of weather
Monet dedicated his life’s work to the understanding of the effects of light on
the local color of objects and the effects of the juxtaposition of colors
with each other these paintings are found in museums and private collections
across the world the second series will take us to New
York City and the Museum of Modern Art reflections of clouds on the water lily
pond this is one of the largest paintings in this 250 painting series it
measures 2 meters high by almost 13 meters long these paintings depict his
flower garden at his home in Giverny and were the main focus of his artistic
production during his last 30 years of life though many of the paintings in
this series are in museums worldwide many have also been auctioned for
millions of dollars the most of these being 54 million u.s. dollars the last
series that we will take a look at takes us back across the ocean to the National
Gallery of Scotland and Edinburgh poplars on the Epte. This painting was
painted in 1900 and is a part of a three group series of paintings all featuring
poplars near Giverny and along the Epte River the first group of these paintings
features towering poplars that go off the top of the edge of the canvas in the
second group there are a large group of trees and in the third group there are
three or four poplars on the banks of the river his two other most noted
series of paintings with a Rouen Cathedral series which was made in 1892
and 1893 in Rouen Normandy there are 20 paintings in this series
the London Parliament series he did in the fall of 1899 and the early months of
1900 and 1901 during his days in London they are all from the same Terrace or
window from the St. Thomas Hospital overlooking the Thames. Monet died at the
age of 86 in Giverny, France of lung cancer his home garden and water lily
pond were weld to his son Michel he then gave them to the French Academy of Fine
Arts in 1966 they are still open for visits for tourists to this day make
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